An article published in Smithsonian Magazine’s Science and Nature section questions, “When did humans come to Americas?”
The article by Guy Gugliotta begins in Tallahassee, Florida on the Aucilla River that flows underground in some places. Fossil hunters found, “Stone arrowheads and the bones of extinct mammals such as mammoth, mastodon and the American ice age horse,” he writes.
Scientists have used radiocarbon dating techniques to date Pre-Clovis Age humans in Americas, the article reveals. Its author describes artifacts uncovered in Aucilla river:
“Then, in the 1980s, archaeologists from the Florida Museum of Natural History opened a formal excavation in one particular sink. Below a layer of undisturbed sediment they found nine stone flakes that a person must have chipped from a larger stone, most likely to make tools and projectile points. They also found a mastodon tusk, scarred by circular cut marks from a knife. The tusk was 14,500 years old.”
The article also reports on the work of veteran in the field Michael Waters to uncover artifacts from a “sinkhole” in the Aucilla River which is 30 feet deep. He quotes Waters:
“This site is as old as anything in North America,” Waters said. “The context is fine, and the dating is fine, but people just looked at it and said, ‘Hmm, that’s interesting,’ and that was it. It had a lot of potential, but it was in limbo. We’re here to confirm the earlier work, and if we’re lucky, we’ll find some more artifacts.”
Gugliotta covers other fascinating findings by archeologists in the mid-west and South Americas that pre-date Clovis Age humans. I was interested to learn about the great flood in the Americas that occurred 12,700 years ago. It seems that many places on earth were devastated at this time, as similar mass extinctions have been dated to the same time period from around the world. This is where many great Myths come from. The author of this article continues:
“Radiocarbon dates show that most of the megafauna became extinct around 12,700 years ago. The Clovis points disappeared then as well, perhaps because there were no longer any large animals to hunt.”